What diseases do bats carry?

The presence of Reading bat droppings commonly known as bat guano in your home or compound implies you might be harbouring a colony of bats nesting in your attic or the walls of your home. The most common habitat for these flying mammals is caves and woodlands but due to destruction of these places by human activities has made bats roost in buildings alongside humans.

Pennsylvania bat colonies roosting in our buildings especially the attic areas are normally the female who normally are in search for nesting their pups. Bats are not destructive passé as compared to other pests. The main concern is usually the risk of disease transmission the pose to humans when they come in contact with them or their droppings. The bats inhabiting in your building are hazardous to your health as well as for those close to you and therefore preventing such occurrences is inevitable. Histoplasmosis and rabies are the most common diseases associated with bat infestation.

Although rabies as a disease associated with other animals like dogs, foxes or skunks, it is also associated with bats as well. It is important to note that bats are one of the primary transmitters of rabies disease. However, not all bats carry the virus that transmits rabies, but a small percentage does. This doesn’t mean that we can handle the bats or try to exterminate them from the building as the chances are you might be handling bats that have this virus. In addition, rabies make a bat to become very sick and therefore any bat you encounter flying around could possibly have rabies.

Reading bats rarely attack humans but if you try to capture them, they will definitely retaliate back especially if they are unwell or rabid. If by any chance you get a bite from the bat, immediately capture it with a tong and seek medical treatment immediately. Ensure to seek treatment as soon as possible before the onset of the symptoms. Rabies vaccine can be effective if the symptoms haven’t shown yet otherwise it can be fatal.

The second disease associated with bats is histoplasmosis a respiratory infection caused by a fungus Histoplasma capsulatum normally found on bat droppings. The bat droppings can contaminate the soil and cause the infectious spore to be released when the soil is disturbed. The spores from the fungus can be inhaled by humans resulting into serious adverse events if left untreated.

Histoplasmosis symptoms vary greatly but the disease primarily affects the lungs due to inhalation of the spores from the fungus although other body organs can be affected as well. The symptoms begin like flu in nature but as the disease progresses, the other body organs are affected as well. The disease can cause vision and hearing impairment as well as the heart’s functioning performance. Moreover, the disease further develops into a fever, blood anomalies pneumonia and even death when left untreated.

If you have bats inside your attic, you may be tempted to kill these wild animals but this wouldn’t be the right thing to do. If you aren’t sure on what to do, kindly seek professional help than risking your own life.

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